Literacy and the Foundation Phase - September 2011


The Foundation Phase is having a positive impact on the wellbeing of five to six-year-olds. The majority of primary schools provide a varied, productive and motivating environment for children to thrive and develop their skills in reading and writing. However, in a minority of schools there is a lack of understanding of the principles and practices of the Foundation Phase and children are not challenged enough to practise their literacy skills.
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Schools should:

  • use the prompts in Appendix 2 of the report to help evaluate their practice and promote improvement;
  • ensure that there are regular, well-planned opportunities for children to improve their reading and writing skills;
  • develop a better balance between child-initiated and practitioner-led learning; and
  • plan more challenging activities to develop thinking, communication, numeracy and ICT skills across the areas of learning.

Local authorities should:

  • support all schools to develop a sound knowledge of the principles and practice of the Foundation Phase.

The Welsh Government should:

  • issue guidance on good practice to support schools in the areas outlined above.

For a full list of recommendations, please download the report.