Glossary - xyz

Definitions of all our inspection terms.

  • Y Cwricwlwm Cymreig

    Part of the National Curriculum that helps pupils to develop and use their knowledge and understanding of the cultural, economic, environmental, historical and linguistic characteristics of Wales. Also known as the Welsh Dimension.


    Year 11 Information System is a value-added monitoring system that provides a wide range of performance indicators and attitudinal measures for students in the last two years of compulsory schooling (ie aged 14-16). It is part of the family of information systems offered by the Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring (CEM) at Durham University.

  • Young offenders

    Young people aged under 17 who have broken the law

  • Young offenders’ institution

    A place where young people aged between 15 and 21, who have broken the law, serve their sentence after a court conviction. The Prison Service runs these facilities.

  • Young People’s Partnership

    They deliver youth support services to young people in Wales. The partnerships have to make sure that youth support services are provided across a local authority area and they have to consult young people about the services they need. The partnerships are co-ordinated by the local authority.

  • Youth forum

    A formal group of young people in a local authority area who regularly meet to discuss issues that matter to local young people. Providers of public services, such as education, leisure and health, in a particular area often consult the forum to find out young people’s views on these services.

  • Youth Gateway

    Youth Gateway is a programme run by careers companies to support young people as they move into the job market, training or further education.

  • Youth Justice Board for England and Wales

    A non-departmental public organisation set up in September 1998 to co-ordinate the youth justice system for England and Wales. Its aim is to prevent offending by children and young people by preventing crime and the fear of crime, identifying and dealing with young people who offend, and reducing offending.

  • Youth Justice System

    The Youth Justice System has three main parts.
    •  Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) which include police officers, the probation service, social services and people from other organisations. Their job is to deal with young offenders in the community, and help stop them committing crimes.
    •  Youth Courts deal with all young people who have been charged with a crime. Sometimes in very serious cases a youth court might decide to send a young person for trial by a Crown Court, the same kind of court that deals with serious crimes committed by adults.
    •  Custody. In some situations a court can give a young person a custodial sentence. This means that they have their freedom taken away and are kept in secure accommodation. 
  • YOI

    Young Offenders Institution; a place where young people aged between 15 and 21, who have broken the law, serve their sentence after a court conviction

  • Youth offending team

    Youth offending teams aim to prevent young people breaking the law or help them not to do so again. Local professionals work together in teams and provide young people with the services they need to help them overcome their difficulties. Youth offending team workers see young people regularly. They help young people to understand how their victims feel and to work out what led them into crime. The team workers also develop a support programme including counselling on drugs and alcohol and help with education, health and housing. Young people also receive help to manage their anger.

  • Youth support services

    Services that help young people, directly or indirectly, to:
    •  take part effectively in education and training;
    •  take advantage of opportunities for employment; and
    •  take part effectively and responsibly in the life of their communities.
    These services are run by a range of providers such as local authorities (including the statutory youth service), health providers, and local and national voluntary organisations. They are funded from a wide variety of sources including funding from the local authority and national, European and voluntary sector finance.