Glossary - i

Definitions of all our inspection terms.

  • Iaith Pawb

    The national action plan for a bilingual Wales launched by the Welsh Government in 2003.

  • IAG

    Information, advice and guidance

  • ICT

    Information and communication technology

  • Immersion education pilots

    Delivering the curriculum in a second language to learners who share the same first language.

  • In the Zone

    A playground package launched by The Sports Council for Wales. The project provides training for playground supervisors to help pupils become more active.

  • Incerts

    An electronic tool for tracking pupils’ progress and attainment

  • Inclusion

    An ongoing process in education concerned with breaking down barriers to learning and increasing the involvement of all learners in local schools.

  • Inclusion and Pupil Support

    Inclusion and Pupil Support provides guidance for the inclusion and support of learners of compulsory school age (although some elements will apply to all learners).
    It provides advice and sets out responsibilities for maintaining high levels of attendance and positive behaviour in schools and the need to support pupils with additional needs to ensure they receive suitable education and avoid becoming disengaged from education. It also covers education provided outside the school setting.
  • Independent school

    A school that is not maintained by a local authority and, under section 172 of the Education Act 2002, including any school providing full-time education for five or more pupils of compulsory school age or at least one pupil with a statement of special educational needs or who is ‘looked after’ (see ‘looked-after children’ later in this glossary).

  • Independent School Standards (Wales) Regulations 2003

    A range of standards against which independent schools are judged. Schools must meet these standards before they can be registered, and continue to meet them as a condition of their ongoing registration. The standards are set out in the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2003. There are seven standards and these are broken down into more than 100 regulations.

  • Individual educational plan

    A plan, often called an ‘IEP’, which contains measurable targets for pupils’ learning, dates for review of progress and space to record achievement against the learning targets. These plans are gradually being replaced by person specific plans (PSPs).

  • Individual learning plan

    A plan which contains the results of initial and diagnostic assessment, long-term aims, measurable goals for the learning programme, other personal or social goals, targets, dates for review of progress, space to record achievement against the learning goals and targets, and qualifications or units of accreditation.


    A system of assessment and tracking the progress of pupils working at below level 1 of the National Curriculum that is based on National Curriculum P scales.

  • Integrated Children’s System

    The Integrated Children's System provides the basis for developing an electronic system for recording the interventions of social services and their partner agencies with children.

  • Internal verification

    Internal verification or standardisation is the process whereby a centre ensures it operates consistently and to national standards in interpreting and assessing learners’ work.

  • Interventions

    A particular planned course of action by a professional and/or a specific service with the aim of improving learning or behaviour.